The field of biomedical engineering has emerged rapidly with new technologies that aim to improve the quality of life and healthcare. This field seeks to close the gap between engineering and medicine, combining the design and problem solving skills of engineering with medical biological sciences to advance healthcare treatment, including diagnosis, monitoring and therapy. This book focuses on the state-of-the-art and recent trends in the emerging field of biomedical engineering. The topics such as biomedical signal and image processing, bioinstrumentations, biomedical electronics and devices, biomaterials, biomechanics medical imaging, augmented reality and bioinformatics are widely covered in this book. The present book is developed to make the reader familiar with the technologies that can improve the human health. It will cater to the graduate and post-graduate students of electronic, mechanical, mechatronic and biomedical engineering. This book is also suitable for researchers and practitioners who have an interest in recent trends in biomedical engineering and healthcare.